보통의 국가들 Ordinary Nations, 2016-(on-going project)

2016년부터 진행하고 있는 프로젝트 <보통의 국가들>은 특정 그룹의 참여자들과 워크숍을 통하여 참여자 모두가 살고 싶은 국가와 국가 시스템을 구현해 보는 작업이다. 작가는 참여자들에게 이민, 교육, 산업/환경, 정치/행정, 성장/분배에 대한 5개의 질문을 제시하였으며, 이에 대해 가장 비슷한 생각을 표현한 참여자들을 한 팀으로 구성하였다. 이후, 팀들은 토론을 통하여 국가 체제와 구조에 대한 합의를 끌어냈으며, 이를 바탕으로 참여자 모두가 동의하는 가상의 국가, 국기, 국가 시스템을 결정하였다. 현재 '위도사이언스 공화국(Republic of Widoscience)', '벨라시우합중국(United States of Vela Siu)', '라온'이 있으며, 이를 통하여 참여자들이 살기 원하는 이상적인 국가, 국가 구조를 살펴볼 수 있다. ( <보통의 국가들>이라는 프로젝트명은 2016년 작가가 참여한 그룹전NCON(Networking Center of the Ordinary Nations) (정미타 기획)을 출처로 한다.)

Since 2016, Hyemin Park has held multiple workshops with a specific group of people to develop the theory of an imaginative nation, a utopia where everyone would desire to live. Park posed five questions regarding immigration, education, industry and environment, politics and administration as well as development and distribution, and then grouped those participants together who shared similar ideals. Each team discussed their opinions and made decisions based on mutual agreements. The "Republic of Widoscience" was created through workshops with second generation Korean-Austrians aged 10 to 13 living in Austria. The "United States of Vela Siu" were developed through workshops with Korean students aged 13 to 15 living in Incheon, South Korea.

 
보통의 국가들 (©SongEun Art and Cultural Foundation and the Artist. All rights reserved.)
 
보통의 국가들 <위도사이언스 공화국>, 2016
 

Widoscience
Widoscience, the second smallest city-state in the world after Vatican City, is located at the Danube, Europe's second longest river, and surrounded by Austria. The country's formal title is the Republic of Widoscience. Although its territory and population are very small, it is one of the richest countries in the world, with a very high GDP per capita. Its science, technology and IT industries are highly developed and account for 90% of the total national production. The country makes great investments in science and development programs, including in renewable energy sources and the IT sector.
Speedy Wi-Fi service and free electricity is offered in all areas, especially for those working in the science, technology and IT industries. Widoscience is a federation consisting of five provinces. It is a democracy and all political decisions are made by its citizens. The country's biggest city is its capital, the city of Pustern, which lies at the heart of the five provinces.

Politics
Widoscience is a federation consisting of five provinces. It is known for its direct democracy, involving its citizens in all political decision-making processes. After a national debate about the ongoing refugee crisis, the country recently held a referendum, in which roughly 80% of Widoscience's citizens opposed the acceptance of refugees. Among the reasons cited were undesirable expenditures on refugees' welfare and fears over competition on the labor market.

Code of Law
The Republic of Widoscience is governed under the principle of popular sovereignty, with citizens having the final say on any matters of national importance. The democracy safeguards its citizens' individual freedoms. Widosience guarantees its citizens' human rights as their first and foremost privilege. A significant principle of the country's welfare system is the provision of free nationwide Wi-Fi and electricity. 90% of Widoscience's citizens identify as Christians. According to a recent survey, most citizens attach greater importance to the Ten Commandments than the country's code of law. However, most laws in Widoscience reflect the fundamental rules laid down in the Ten Commandments.

Economy
Widoscience is very wealthy nation. Its science and technology sector accounts for 56% of the country's GDP, whereas IT-related industries account for 43%, illustrating the importance attached to the country's science, technology and IT-related industries. The renewable energy sector, especially the generation of solar power, is the most advanced in the world. 98% of the country's energy production is generated by solar power. Thanks to its advanced renewable energy system, Widoscience offers free electricity to its citizens, setting a good example to other countries. In addition, the country's software and information technology industries are competing on the world market, and its companies actively trade with the United States and the United Kingdom.
Overall, the public supports the investment in the science, technology, and IT industries. However, the opposition is increasingly raising concerns over the continued support for the industries. In 2015, there was a protest against the lack of support for other sectors.

Education
Compared to other European countries, compulsory education in Widoscience is much shorter. The school curriculums reflect the country's opposition to a standardized education system. Instead, customized, student-centered education methods that respect students' own initiatives are encouraged. While elementary education is mandatory, there are no mandatory curriculums for secondary education. Students can choose subjects according to their particular interests and aptitudes. Due to the country's focus on science, technology and IT industries, schools put great emphasis on utilizing computers, multimedia equipment and the Internet.

National flag
The national flag of Widoscience reflects the country's advanced technology sectors. It features yellow and white lightning symbols representing solar power and electricity. Five yellow stars represent each of the republic's provinces. The symbols in the four corners represent the country's nationwide access to free Wi-Fi.

 
보통의 국가들 <벨라시우합중국>, 2017
 

United States of Vela Siu
Vela Siu is an island located near Southeast Indian Ridge. Its official name is The United States of Vela Siu. Even though its area and population are small in size, it is one of the richest countries in the world and boasts a very high per capita GDP. Vela Siu is well known for its abundant oil and mineral resources. In the past, the country achieved significant economic growth by focusing its efforts on oil exports and its automobile industry, but in recent years, Vela Siu has become increasingly eco-friendly by levying heavy taxes on automobiles, one of the major contributors to air pollution and climate change emissions. As early as 1994, due to human-induced climate change and rising sea levels, the country embarked on a national research project on vehicles using hydrogen fuel and now also exports such vehicles. Vela Siu comprises five states: Character, Eye, Po-Hand, Wifa and Lim-Jay. Vela Siu is a direct democracy where people cast votes on all political decisions. The country's biggest city is its capital, Lincheon, which is located at the center of the five states. Both English and Vela Siuan are official languages.

Foundation Myth
The foundation myth of Vela Siu is recorded in the Wifi, a history book written by Yun. God came down from heaven to earth and traveled to many parts of the world. He was fascinated by the mystery of the deep sea near the equator in South Asia. Using a magnifying glass, he looked deeply into the sea with heavenly light. As the strong light penetrated the water, the sea flinched, causing a dark land mass under the sea to rise above the sea surface.

Politics and Administration
Vela Siu is composed of 5 states and governed according to the Vela Siuan Constitution, which was proclaimed on May 26, 2000. Vela Siu is well known for its direct democracy. Citizens discuss and cast votes on each and every issue and are thus directly involved in all political decision-making processes. In 2017, Vela Siu became one of the countries adopting refugee-friendly policies. Currently, many countries refuse to accept refugees or take a rather passive approach to the refugee crisis due to the rapidly increasing number of refugees since 2015. However, Vela Siu announced that it would accept refugees for humanitarian reasons and soon after established policies to accept and help refugees settle down in Vela Siu through a three-step process, including a personal background check and an environmental awareness screening.

Industry and Environment
Vela Siu is one of the biggest oil exporters in the world thanks to its abundant oil resources. As of 2017, the country also boasts the tenth-largest reserves of rocks, soils and minerals and is regarded as one of the most advanced countries. Recently, the country put great emphasis on the significance of climate change and achieved significant economic growth by exporting hydrogen fuel vehicles which use organic chemicals as fuel. The entertainment industry – including animation, the character industry, and virtual PvP (player vs player) survival games – accounts for a significant portion of the country's economy. Lim Jay, which is located in the southeastern part of Vela Siu, is often referred to as a modern style colosseum where the gambling business is developed to the level of Las Vegas and Macau. Vela Siu is one of the best countries in the world in terms of the advancement of eco-friendly technology. When oil is exported to other countries, environmental taxes are collected, which are then invested in research on eco-friendly fuel and energy. The "H2" company's hydrogen-fueled automobiles boast high fuel efficiency and eco-friendly fuel oxides (H2O) by using efficient lightweight materials. Vela Siu has helped create important outcomes to counter climate change. The country has made continuous efforts to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by chairing many international environmental conferences and by signing on to the Vela Siu Protocol.

Education
Vela Siu has recognized the right to education for all people aged between 7 and 15 regardless of social or economic status. To that end, the country has established schools to provide equal educational opportunities for everyone. More recently, however, some opposition has formed to the uniform public education system and homeschooling has become increasingly popular, with parents educating their children by using media such as the Internet or videos, depending on children's needs. Vela Siu permits home schooling on the condition that homeschooled children participate in a quarterly camp run by the country's Ministry of Education, which encourages group activities. As of 2017, about 20 per cent of all school-aged children are homeschooled and attend these camps.

 
보통의 국가들 <벨라시우합중국>, 워크숍, 2017